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Research 101: A Self-Guided Tutorial

Research Smarter

4 - Bibliographic Information

Find The Bibliographic Information You Need to Cite Sources

No matter the format or type, you will need to cite it! The parts or elements of a citation varies by type. Here are three common examples, a journal article, book, and book chapter.

Note: These elements listed are essential. However, citation styles may ask for more bibliographic information.

Journal Article elements: Title of the Article, Author, Title of the Journal, Volume and Issue Number, Date of Publication, Page Numbers


Bibliographic information for journal articles

Book elements: Title, Author, Place of Publication, Publisher, Date of Publication

Bibliographic information for a book

Book chapter elements:  Chapter Title, Chapter Author, Book Title, Book Author, Place of Publication, Publisher, Date of Publication, Chapter Pages


Bibliographic Information for Book Chapter